U. S. Geological Survey - Water Resources - Michigan District

Water Resources of Michigan

Hydrology of C-3 Watershed, Seney National Wildlife Refuge, Michigan

US Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigation 01-4053
Lansing, Michigan 2001

By: Michael J. Sweat


Accessible Web version is available in Web (HTML) format at:
http://mi.water.usgs.gov/pubs/WRIR/WRIR01-4053/WRIR01-4053LW.php


U.S. DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR
BRUCE BABBITT, Secretary
U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY
Charles G. Groat, Director
Prepared in cooperation with the
U.S. FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE
Any use of trade, product, or firm names in this publication is for descriptive purposes only and does not imply endorsement by the U.S. Government.

Contents

FIGURES

1. Map showing location of C-3 watershed and data collection points
2. Graph showing the relation of ground water and surface-water altitudes at
Marsh Creek at M28

3. Graph showing the relation of ground-water and surface-water altitudes at
Marsh Creek at outlet of C-3 Pool

TABLES

1. Measured discharge and estimated daily discharge of selected streams near Seney
National Wildlife Refuge, Michigan, 1998-2000

2. Altitude of water in wells and piezometers near Seney National Wildlife Refuge,
Michigan, 1998-2000

3. Altitude of water in miscellaneous wells and piezometers above an arbitrary datum
near Seney National Wildlife Refuge, Michigan, 1998-2000


Conversion Factors, Abbreviations, and Vertical Datum
 
Multiply By To Obtain
 
  Length  
centimeter (cm) 0.3937 inch
meter (m) 3.281 foot
kilometer (km) 0.621 mile
 
  Area  
hectare (ha) 2.471 acre
square kilometer (km2) 0.3861 square mile
 
  Volume  
cubic meter (m3) 35.32 cubic foot
 
  Velocity  
meters per second (m/s) 3.281 feet per second
 
  Flow (volume per unit time)  
cubic meter per second (m3/s) 35.32 cubic foot per second
cubic meter per second (m3/s) 86,400 cubic meter per day
cubic meter per day (m3/d) 35.32 cubic foot per day
 
Temperature  
Degree Celsius (C) may be converted to degree Fahrenheit (F) by use of the following equation:
F = (1.8 x C) + 32    
     
Vertical Datum    
In this report, "sea level" refers to the National Geodetic Vertical Datum of 1929 (NGVD of 1929)a geodetic datum derived from a general adjustment of the first-order level nets of the United States and Canada, formerly called Sea Level Datum of 1929.

For additional information
write to:


District Chief
U.S. Geological Survey
Water Resource Division
6520 Mercantile Way, Suite 5
Lansing, MI 48911-6957

Copies of this report can be
purchased from:


U.S. Geological Survey
Branch of Information Services
Box 25286
Denver, CO 80225


Citation:

Sweat, Michael J., 2001, Hydrology of C-3 Watershed, Seney National Wildlife Refuge, Michigan, 2001, U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 01-4053

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